Robert S. Knox

University of Rochester


(E)  denotes material for which there are important errata.  See the annotated publication list


Books and Edited Volumes


Robert S. Knox

 Theory of Excitons,* Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1963 (pp. 207 + viii).  Published as Supplement 5 of Solid State Physics (F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, editors)  (E)


Robert S. Knox and Albert Gold

Symmetry in the Solid State, W. A. Benjamin, Inc., New York, 1964 (pp. 344 + xii)  (E)


D. L. Dexter and R. S. Knox

Excitons,** J. Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 1965 (pp. 139 + viii)  (E)


R. S. Knox

Editor of English edition of The Electronic Theory of Heavily Doped Semiconductors,  by V. L. Bonch-Bruevich , Elsevier, New York, 1966


R. S. Knox

Editor of English edition of Solid State Physics, by R. Kubo and T. Nagamiya, McGraw-Hill Book Co., Inc., New York, 1969


E. V. Mielczarek, E. Greenbaum, and R. S. Knox

Biological Physics, Reprint volume in the series Key Papers in Physics , American Institute of Physics, New York, 1993


*Russian Translation:  Teoria Eksitonov  (World Publishers, Moscow, 1966), ed. by V. M. Agranovich

**Polish Translation: Ekscytony (Panstwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe, Warszawa, 1968), tr. by J. Rauluszkiewicz







    1.     Robert S. Knox

            Direct-reading Planck distribution slide rule

            J. Opt. Soc. Am. 46, 879-881 (1956)


    2.     R. S. Knox and D. L. Dexter

            Solid state luminescence theory and oscillator strengths in KCl:Tl

            Phys. Rev. 104, 1245-1252 (1956)


    3.     Robert S. Knox

            Bibliography of atomic wave functions

            in Solid State Physics (ed. by F. Seitz and D. Turnbull, Academic Press, Inc. NY, 1957) vol. 4, pp. 413-421  (E)


    4.     Robert S. Knox

            Excited-state wave functions, excitation energies, and oscillator strengths for argon (3p54s)

               Phys. Rev. 110, 375-381 (1958)   (E)



    5.     R. S. Knox

            Inversion symmetry of the M center

            Phys. Rev. Lett. 2, 87-88 (1959)


    6.     Albert Gold and Robert S. Knox

            Excited-state wave functions, excitation energies, and oscillator strengths for Ne (2p53s)

            Phys. Rev. 113, 834-839 (1959)  (E)


    7.     Robert S. Knox

            Exciton states in rare gas crystals

            J. Phys. Chem. Solids 9, 238-264 (1959)  (E)


    8.     Robert S. Knox

            Exciton states in crystalline argon

            J. Phys. Chem. Solids 9, 265-280 (1959)  (E)


    9.     Robert S. Knox

            Configuration interaction in alkali halide phosphors

            Phys. Rev. 115, 1095-1106 (1959).   Reprinted in Selected papers on Phosphors, LEDs, and Scintillators: Application of Photo-, Cathodo-, Electro-, and Radioluminescence, edited by Marvin J. Weber (SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, WA, 1998)


   10.     R. S. Knox and N. InchauspŽ

            Exciton states in ionic crystals

            Phys. Rev 116, 1093-1099 (1959)


   11.     Dwight C. Burnham, Frederick C. Brown, and Robert S. Knox

            Electron mobility and scattering processes in AgBr at low temperatures

            Phys. Rev. 119, 1560-1570 (1960)


   12.     R. S. Knox

            A note on exciton multiplicities

            Prog. Theor. Phys. 24, 909 only (1960)


   13.     R. S. Knox and F. Bassani

            Band structure of solid argon

            Phys. Rev. 124, 652-657 (1961)  (E)


   14.     Albert Gold and Robert S. Knox

            Line shape of absorption in crystalline rare gases

            J. Chem. Phys. 36, 2805-2806 (1962)


   15.     J. E. Robinson, F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and J. R. Schrieffer

            Screening correction to the Slater exchange potential

            Phys. Rev. Lett. 9, 215-217 (1962)


   16.     R. S. Knox

            The fine structure of absorption in NaCl:Ag

            J. Phys. Soc. Japan 18, suppl. II, 268-274 (1963)  (E)


   17.     G. Baldini and R. S. Knox

            Xenon impurity states in solid argon

            Phys. Rev. Lett. 11, 127-129 (1963)


   18.     Robert S. Knox, Franco Bassani, and W. Beall Fowler, Jr.

            Valence band structure of silver chloride

            In  Photographic Sensitivity (Maruzen Co., Ltd.,  Tokyo, 1963), pp. 11-14


   19.     R. S. Knox

            Wannier Excitons in simple van der Waals crystals

            Rad. Research 20, 77-82 (1963)  (E)


   20.     R. S. Knox

            Excited states of cesium halide crystals

            Phys. Rev. 133, A498-A501 (1964)


   21.     C. C. Klick, D. A. Patterson, and R. S. Knox

            Absorption band shape for the F center and thallium in KCl

            Phys. Rev. 133, A1717-A1723 (1964)


   22.     T. P. Das, A. N. Jette, and R. S. Knox

            Theory of optical and magnetic properties of the self-trapped hole in lithium fluoride

            Phys. Rev. 134, A1079-A1093 (1964)


   23.     R. S. Knox and M. H. Reilly

            Atomic multipole interactions in rare-gas crystals

            Phys. Rev. 135, A166-A170 (1964)


   24.     F. Bassani, R. S. Knox, and W. B. Fowler

            Band structure and electronic properties of AgCl and AgBr

            Phys. Rev. 137, A1217-A1225 (1965)  (E)


   25.     Doris J. Olechna and Robert S. Knox

            Energy band structure of selenium chains

            Phys. Rev. 140, A986-A993 (1965)


   26.     R. S. Knox and C. E. Swenberg

            Direct radiative exciton-exciton annihilation

            J. Chem. Phys. 44, 2577-2580 (1966)


   27.     John D. Dow and Robert S. Knox

            Excited-state wave functions, excitation energies, and oscillator strengths for krypton and xenon

            Phys. Rev. 152, 50-56 (1966)


   28.     R. S. Knox

            Symmetry distribution of normal modes in macroscopic crystals

            Solid State Comm. 4, 453-454 (1966)  (E)


   29.     R. S. Knox

            Semiclassical theory of the infrared spectrum of KCl:Tl¡

            Phys. Rev. 154, 799-801 (1967)


   30.     David B. Benin and Robert S. Knox

            Theory of the thermal conductivity of solid neon

            Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. [II] 12, 355 (1967)






   31.     Robert S. Knox and Doris J. Olechna

            Excited-state wavefunctions, excitation energies, and oscillator strengths in selenium (p4 Ç  p3s)

            J. Chem. Phys. 47, 5226-5231 (1967)  (E)


   32.     G. Hoch and R. S. Knox

            Primary processes in photosynthesis

            Chap. 7 of  Photophysiology, ed. by A. C. Giese (Academic Press, Inc., 1968), vol. III, pp. 225-251


   33.     R. S. Knox and K. J. Teegarden

            Electronic excitations of perfect alkali halide crystals

            Chap. 1 and Appendix A of  Physics of Color Centers, ed. by W. Beall Fowler (Academic Press, Inc., N. Y., 1968), pp. 1-51, 625-626


   34.     R. S. Knox

            Theory of polarization quenching by excitation transfer

            Physica 39, 361-386 (1968)  (E)


   35.     R. S. Knox

            On the theory of trapping of excitation in the photosynthetic unit

            J. Theoret. Biology 21, 244-259 (1968)


   36.     R. S. Knox

            Storage of light energy and photosynthesis

            Nature 221, 263-264 (1969)


   37.     R. S. Knox, S. Nikitine, and A. Mysyrowicz

            Kinetics of biexciton formation in CuCl

            Optics Communications 1, 19-21 (1969)


   38.     S. D. Druger and R. S. Knox

            Theory of trapped hole centers in rare gas solids

            J. Chem. Phys. 50, 3143-3153 (1969)   (E)


   39.     D. L. Dexter, Th. Fšrster, and R. S. Knox

            The radiationless transfer of energy of electronic excitation between impurity molecules in crystals [comments on a paper of Davydov]

            Physica Status Solidi 34, K159-K162 (1969)


   40.     Richard A. Elliott, Katja Lakatos, and Robert S. Knox

            The effect of lattice vibrations on trap-limited exciton lifetimes

            J. Statistical Phys. 1, 253-269 (1969)


   41.     Robert S. Knox

            Thermodynamics and the primary processes of photosynthesis

            Biophysical J. 9, 1351-1362 (1969)  (E)


   42.     Frederick W. Craver and Robert S. Knox

            Theory of concentrations quenching by excitation transfer II. anisotropy and second-neighbour considerations

            Molecular Physics 22, 385-402 (1971)




   43.     T. S. Rahman and R. S. Knox

            Theory of singlet-triplet exciton fusion

            Physica Status Solidi (b) 58, 715-720 (1973)


   44.     R. S. Knox

            Transfer of electronic excitation energy in condensed systems

            Part 4 of Primary Molecular Events in Photobiology (NATO Advanced Study Institute Lectures, Fiesole, Italy, Sept. 1972, ed. by A. Checcuci and R. A. Weale, Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1973), pp. 45-77  (E)


   45.     V. M. Kenkre and R. S. Knox

            Generalized-master-equation theory of excitation transfer

            Phys. Rev. B9, 5279-5290 (1974)  (E)


   46.     V. M. Kenkre and R. S. Knox

            Theory of fast and slow excitation transfer rates

            Phys. Rev. Lett. 33, 803-806 (1974)  (E)


   47.     R. S. Knox

            Exciton Energy Transfer and Migration: Theoretical Considerations

            Chap. 4 of  Bioenergetics of Photosynthesis (ed. by Govindjee, Academic Press, Inc., New York, NY, 1975), pp. 183-221


   48.     Robert S. Knox and Vinita J. Ghosh

            Quenching of singlet excitations by triplet excitations

            Photochem. and Photobiol. 22, 149-150 (1975)


   49.     R. L. Van Metter and R. S. Knox

            On the relation between absorption and emission spectra of molecules in solution

            Chemical Phys. 12, 333-340 (1976)  (E)


   50.     V. M. Kenkre and R. S. Knox

            Optical spectra and exciton coherence

            J. Luminescence 12, 187-193 (1976)


   51.     R. S. Knox

            Photosynthetic efficiency and excitation transfer and trapping

            In  Primary Processes of Photosynthesis, ed. by  J. Barber (Elsevier/North Holland Biomedical Press, Amsterdam, 1977), Chap. 2, pp. 55-97


   52.     Robert S. Knox and Maria A. Davidovich

            Theory of fluorescence polarization in magnetically ordered photosynthetic systems

            Biophysical J.  24, 689-712 (1978)


   53.     Robert S. Knox and Richard L. Van Metter

            Fluorescence of light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complexes:  implications for the photosynthetic unit

            In  Chlorophyll Organization and Energy Transfer in Photosynthesis, Ciba Foundation Symposium 61 (new series), ed. by D. Wolstenholme (Excerpta Medica, Amsterdam, and Elsevier/North Holland, Inc., New York, 1979), pp. 177-190  (E)


   54.     Robert S. Knox

            Localized and delocalized tunneling states

            In  Tunneling in Biological Systems (Proceedings of a Colloquium of the Johnson Research Foundation), ed. by Britton Chance, Don Charles DeVault, Hans Frauenfelder, Rudolph A. Marcus, J. Robert Schrieffer, and Norman Sutin (Academic Press, Inc., New York, 1979), pp. 91-94  (E)


   55.     R. S. Knox

            Conversion of light into free energy

            In  Light Induced Charge Separation at Interfaces in Biological  and Chemical Systems, proceedings of a Dahlem Workshop, Oct. 1978, Berlin (ed. by H. Gerischer and J. J. Katz; Verlag Chemie, Weinheim and New York, 1979), pp. 45-59  (E)


   56.     J. Joussot-Dubien, A. C. Albrecht, H. Gerischer, R. S. Knox, R. A. Marcus, M. Schott, A. Weller, and F. Willig

            Mechanisms of charge separation and subsequent processes: group report

            In  Light Induced Charge Separation at Interfaces in Biological  and Chemical Systems, proceedings of a Dahlem Workshop Oct. 1978, Berlin (ed. by H. Gerischer and J. J. Katz; Verlag Chemie, Weinheim and New York, 1979), pp. 129-149.


   57.     Talat S. Rahman, Robert S. Knox, and Vasudev M. Kenkre

            Theory of depolarization of fluorescence in molecular pairs

            Chemical Physics 44, 197-211 (1979) [Erratum:  Chemical Physics 47, 416 (1980)]  (E)


   58.     Maria A. Davidovich and Robert S. Knox

            On the rate of triplet excitation transfer in the diffusion limit

            Chem. Phys. Lett. 68, 391-394 (1979)


   59.     R. S. Knox

            Relaxation of electronic excitation in biology:  the initial processing of photon energy and information

            In  Relaxation of Elementary Excitations (Proceedings of the Taniguchi International Symposium, Susono-shi, Japan, Oct. 12-16, 1979), ed. by R. Kubo and E. Hanamura (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, and New York, 1980), pp. 171-180


   60.     John F. Shepanski and Robert S. Knox

            Circular dichroism and other optical properties of antenna chlorophyll proteins from higher plants

            Israel J. Chem. 21, 325-331 (1981)


   61.     R. S. Knox

            Introduction to exciton physics

            In  Collective Excitations in Solids (proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute, Erice, Italy, June 16-30, 1981), ed. by B. DiBartolo and J. Danks (vol. 88 of the NATO series, Plenum Press, New York and London, 1983), pp. 183-225


   62.     Demet GŸlen and Robert S. Knox

            Absorption and circular dichroism of the chlorophyll protein CPII:  extensions of a trimeric exciton model

            Photobiochem. and Photobiophys. 7, 277-286 (1984)


   63.     Bruce Wittmershaus, Thomas M. Nordlund, Wayne H. Knox, Robert S. Knox,

            Nicholas Geacintov, and Jacques Breton

            Picosecond studies at 77K of energy transfer in chloroplasts at low and high excitation intensities

            Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 806, 93-106 (1985)


   64.     M. Stavola, D. L. Dexter, and R. S. Knox

            Electron-hole pair excitation in semiconductors via energy transfer from an external sensitizer

            Phys. Rev. B31, 2277-2289 (1985)


   65.     Deborah Guard-Friar, Robert MacColl, Donald S. Berns, Bruce Wittmershaus, and

            Robert S. Knox

            Picosecond fluorescence of cryptomonad biliproteins.  The effects of excitation intensity and the fluorescence decay times of phycocyanin 612, phycocyanin 645, and phycoerythrin 545

            Biophysical J. 47, 787-793 (1985)


   66.     Cheryl A. Hanzlik, Lucia E. Hancock, Robert S. Knox, Deborah Guard-Friar, and

            Robert MacColl

            Picosecond fluorescence spectroscopy of the biliprotein phycocycanin 612: evidence for fast energy transfer

            J. Luminescence 34, 99-106 (1985)


   67.     Demet GŸlen, Bruce P. Wittmershaus, and Robert S. Knox

            Theory of picosecond-light-induced fluorescence from highly excited small chromophore complexes

            Biophysical J. 49, 469-477 (1986)


   68.     D. GŸlen, R. S. Knox, and J. Breton

            Optical effects of sodium dodecyl sulfate treatment of the isolated light harvesting complex of higher plants

            Photosyn. Res. 9, 13-20 (1986) (Duysens issue)


   69.     R. S. Knox

            Theory and modeling of excitation delocalization and trapping

            In  Photosynthesis III:  Photosynthetic Membranes and Light Harvesting Systems (Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology, n. s., vol. 19), ed. by L. A. Staehelin and C. J. Arntzen (Springer Verlag, Berlin and Heidelberg, 1986), sec. 7.1, pp. 286-298


   70.     N. E. Geacintov, J. Breton, and R. S. Knox

            Energy migration and exciton trapping in green plant photosynthesis

            Photosynthesis Research 10, 233-242 (1986) (Butler issue). Volume also published as:  Govindjee, ed.,  Excitation Energy and Electron  Transfer in Photosynthesis (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Norwell, MA 1987)


   71.     D. Bruce, C. Hanzlik, L. Hancock, J. Biggins, and R. Knox

            Energy distribution in the photochemical apparatus of Porphyridium cruentum:  picosecond fluorescence spectroscopy of cells in state 1 and state 2 at 77K

            Photosyn. Res. 10, 283-290 (1986) (Butler issue)


   72.     Robert S. Knox and Su Lin

            Interpretation of Induced transient linear dichroism spectra of LHC particles

            In  Progress in Photosynthesis Research (Proc. VII International Congress on Photosynthesis, Brown, U., Providence, RI, August 1986), ed. by J. Biggins (Martin Nijhoff Publishers, Dordrecht, 1986), vol. I, pp. I.4.445-448  (E)


   73.     Mark F. Bocko, David H. Douglass, and Robert S. Knox

            Observation of frequency shifts of spectral lines due to source correlations

            Physical Review Lett. 58, 2649-2651 (1987)

   74.     R. S. Knox

            Excitation dynamics in biomolecular systems

            In  Excited-State Spectroscopy in Solids, (Proceedings of the Enrico Fermi Summer School, Corso XCVI, Italian Physical Society, Varenna, July 1985), ed. by U. M. Grassano and N. Terzi.  Il Nuovo Cimento suppl. pp. 481-509 (1987)


   75.     D. GŸlen, V. M. Kenkre, R. S. Knox, and P. E. Parris

            Effects of transport coherence on the mutual annihilation of excitons

            Phys. Rev. B 37, 1839-1845 (1988)


   76.     Su Lin and Robert S. Knox

            Time resolution of a short-wavelength chloroplast fluorescence component at low temperature

             J. Luminescence 40/41, 209-210 (1988)


   77.     Robert S. Knox and Su Lin

            Application of a CP-II model to excitation transfer experiments on light-harvesting chlorophyll a/b-protein complexes

            FEBS Lett. 229, 1-5 (1988)


   78.     Robert Knox and Su Lin

            Time resolution and kinetics of "F680" at low temperatures in spinach chloroplasts

             In Proceedings of an international workshop Photosynthetic Light-Harvesting Systems:  Structure and Function, Freising, FRG, Oct. 12-16, 1987, ed. by H. Scheer and S. Schneider  (Walter de Gruyter & Co., Berlin, 1988), pp. 567-577


   79.     Lee France, Nicholas Geacintov, Su Lin, Bruce P. Wittmershaus, Robert S. Knox, and

            Jacques Breton

            Fluorescence decay kinetics and characteristics of bimolecular exciton annihilation in chloroplasts

            Photochem. Photobiol. 48, 333-339 (1988)


   80.     Cheryl A. Hanzlik, Robert S. Knox, Scott L. Gibson, and Russell Hilf

            Picosecond fluorescence of R3230AC mammary carcinoma mitochondria after  in vivo treatment with hematoporphyrin derivative and photofrinšII

            Photochem. Photobiol. 50, 45-53 (1989)


   81.     Mamoru Mimuro, Tsuenori Nozawa, Naoto Tamai, Keizo Shimada, Iwao Yamazaki,

            Bruce P. Wittmershaus, Daniel C. Brune, Robert E. Blankenship, Su Lin, and Robert S. Knox

            Excitation energy flow in chlorosome antennas of green photosynthetic bacteria

            J. Phys. Chem. 93, 7403-7509 (1989)


   82.     R. S. Knox, S. Maiti, and P. Wu

            Search for remote transfer of vibrational energy in proteins

            In  Davydov's Soliton Revisited:  Self-trapping of Vibrational Energy in Protein (Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Thisted, Denmark, July 30-August 5, 1989), ed. by P. L. Christiansen and A. C. Scott (Plenum Press, New York and London, 1990), pp. 401-412.


   83.     Hsiu-Cheng Chen, Gerard A. Mourou, and Robert Knox

            Subnanosecond time-resolved electron diffraction from thin crystalline gold films

            in Beam-solid Interactions: Physical Phenomena (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings, v. 157), ed. by James A. Knapp, Peter B¿rgesen, and Raymond A. Zuhr (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1990), pp. 437-442  (E)


   84.     Su Lin and Robert S. Knox

            Studies of excitation energy transfer within the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and its mutants at 77K

            Photosyn. Res. 27, 157-168 (1991)




   85.     Thomas H. Foster, Richard S. Murant, Robert G. Bryant, Robert S. Knox, Scott L. Gibson, and Russell Hilf

            Oxygen consumption and diffusion effects in photodynamic therapy

            Radiation Res. 126, 296-303 (1991)  This paper was reprinted in the SPIE Milestone Series, volume 82, Selected papers on Photodynamic Therapy, David Kessel, editor, SPIE Optical Engineering Press, Bellingham, WA (1993), pp. 511-518.


   86.     Robert H. Hwang-Schweitzer, Robert S. Knox, Pamela B. Gibbs, and John Biggins

            Fluorescence studies of photoregulation in the chrysophyte Ochromonas danica

            J. Luminescence 51, 99-109 (1992)


   87.     Robert S. Knox and Demet GŸlen

            Theory of polarized fluorescence from molecular pairs: Fšrster transfer at large electronic coupling

            Photochem. Photobiol. 57, 40-43 (1993)


   88.     Robert S. Knox and Wayne H. Knox


            In Encyclopedia of Applied Physics (VCH Verlagsgesellschaft, Weinheim, and American Institute of Physics, New York, 1993),  vol. 6, pp. 311-325


   89.     Robert S. Knox

            Chlorophyll in polar solvents: spectral effects of exciton splitting in Òstatistical pairsÓ

            J. Phys. Chem. 98, 7270-7273 (1994)


   90.     David R. Klug, Thomas Rech, D. Melissa Joseph, James R. Durrant, Robert S. Knox,

            James Barber and George Porter

            Distinguishing between energy and electron transfer processes in photosystem two reaction centres

            in Ultrafast Phenomena IX (Proceedings of the Ninth OSA Topical Meeting, Dana Beach, CA  July 1994),ed. by P. Barbara, W. H. Knox, G. A. Mourou and A. H. Zewail (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1995), pp. 240-241


   91.     Robert  S. Knox and Robert C. Gilmore

            Perrin's model revisited:  a simplified approach to time-dependent fluorescence depolarization

            J. Luminescence 63, 163-175 (1995)


   92.     A. Tomita, J. Shah, and R. S. Knox

            Efficient exciton energy transfer between widely separated quantum wells at low temperatures

            Phys. Rev. B 53, 10793-10803 (1996)  (E)


   93.     Robert S. Knox

            Electronic excitation transfer in the photosynthetic unit:  reflections on work of William


            Photosyn. Res., 48, 35-39 (1996)


   94.     C. K. Law, R. S. Knox and J. H. Eberly

            Time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy in degenerate two-state systems:  the role of complex stochastic processes

            Chem. Phys. Lett., 258, 352-355 (1996)


   95.     Denise A. Sawicki and Robert S. Knox

            Universal relationship between emission and absorption of complex systems:  an alternative approach

            Phys. Rev. A 54, 4837-4841 (1996)


   96.     Christopher T. Holcomb and Robert S. Knox

            The relationship of intercompartmental excitation transfer rate constants to those of an                              underlying physical model

            Photosyn. Res. 50, 117-131 (1996)

   97.     R. S. Knox

            Excitons and their equilibration

            Pure and Applied Chemistry 69, 1163-1170 (1997).  May also be cited as         In EXCON II:  Proceedings of a conference (Kurort Gorisch, Germany, August 1996),  ed. by M. Schreiber.


   98.     R. S. Knox, P. D. Laible, D. A. Sawicki and M. F. J. Talbot

            Does excited chlorophyll-a equilibrate in solution?

            J. Luminescence 72-74, 580-581 (1997)


   99.     Philip D. Laible, Robert S. Knox and Thomas G. Owens

            Detailed balance in Fšrster-Dexter excitation transfer and its application to photosynthesis

            J. Phys. Chem. B 102, 1641-1648 (1998)


100.     Robert S. Knox

            Excited-state equilibration and the fluorescence-absorption ratio

            Acta Physica Polonica A 95, 85-103 (1999)


101.     Robert S. Knox

            Ultrafast processes and biology

            J. Photochem. Photobiol. B: Biology 49, 81-88 (1999)


102.     J. M. Larkin, W. R. Donaldson, T. H. Foster, and R. S. Knox

            Reverse intersystem crossing from a triplet state of rose bengal populated by sequential 532- + 1064-nm laser excitation

            Chem. Phys. 244, 319-330 (1999)


103.     Robert S. Knox, Jamin S. Brown, Philip D. Laible, and Mary F. J. Talbot

            Hypothesis:  part of the fluorescence of chlorophyll-a may originate in excited triplet states

            Photosyn. Res. 60, 165-177 (1999)


104.     Robert S. Knox

            Physical aspects of the greenhouse effect and global warming

            Amer. J. Phys. 67,  1227-1238 (1999)  (E)


105.     Robert S. Knox and Lisa F. Marshall

            The Kennard-Stepanov relation for time-resolved fluorescence

            J. Luminescence 85, 209-215 (2000)


106.     Y. Zhao and R. S. Knox

            A Brownian oscillator approach to the Kennard-Stepanov relation

            J. Phys. Chem. A 104, 7751-7761 (2000)


107.     S. Raghavan, R. S. Knox, and J. H. Eberly

            On the nature of relaxation among degenerate electronic states of square molecules

            Chem. Phys. Lett. 326, 207-211 (2000)


108.     R. S. Knox

            Dipole strengths of chlorophyll-a and bacteriochlorophyll-a

            In ÔPS2001 Proceedings: 12th International Congress on Photosynthesis' (CSIRO Publishing: Melbourne, Australia), paper S2-008. Electronic publication only,  available at (posted December 2001, verified 3/15/02)


109.     John M. Larkin, William R. Donaldson, Robert S. Knox, and Thomas H. Foster

            Reverse intersystem crossing in rose bengal. II. Fluence dependence of fluorescence following 532-nm laser excitation

            Photochem. and Photobiol. 75, 221-228 (2002)


110.     Robert S. Knox and Herbert van Amerongen

            Refractive index dependence of the Fšrster resonance excitation transfer rate

            J. Phys. Chem. B 106, 5289-5293 (2002)  (E)


111.     Robert S. Knox, Gerald J. Small, and Shaul Mukamel

            Low-temperature Brownian oscillator lineshapes with various spectral densities

            Chem. Phys. 281, 1-10 (2002)


112.     Robert S. Knox, Demet GŸlen, and Katie E. Lotterhos

            Effect of inhomogeneous broadening on the fluorescence anisotropy of a square-symmetric molecule

            Chem. Phys. Lett. 361, 285-290 (2002)


113.     Robert S. Knox

            Dipole and oscillator strengths of chromophores in solution

            Photochem. and Photobiol. 77, 492-496 (2003)


114.     Robert S. Knox and Bryan Q. Spring

            Dipole strengths in the chlorophylls

            Photochem. and Photobiol. 77, 497-501 (2003)


115.     Laura E. Schmidt, H. L. Helfer, and Robert S. Knox

            Development of an elementary climate model: two-layer cellular case

            Posted in physics archive (unrefereed), (Aug. 15, 2003)


116.     Masahiko Taniguchi, Doyoung Ra, Christine Kirmaier, Eve K. Hindin, Jennifer K. Schwartz, James R. Diers, Robert S. Knox, David F. Bocian, Jonathan S. Lindsey, and Dewey Holten

            Comparison of excited-state energy transfer in arrays of hydroporphyrins (chlorins, oxochlorins) versus porphyrins:  rates, mechanisms, and design criteria

            J. Amer. Chem. Soc. 125, 13461-13470 (2003)


117.     David H. Douglass, Eric G. Blackman, and Robert S. Knox

            Temperature response of Earth to the annual solar irradiance cycle

            Phys. Lett. A 323, 315-322 (2004)  [Corrigendum:  Phys. Lett. A 329, 175-176 (2004)]  (E)


118.     R. S. Knox

            Non-radiative energy flow in elementary climate models

            Phys. Lett. A 329, 250-256 (2004)  (E)


119.     Eve Hindin, Robert A. Forties, Robert S. Loewe, Arounaguiry Ambroise, Christine Kirmaier, David F. Bocian, Jonathan S. Lindsey, Dewey Holten, and Robert S. Knox

            Excited-state energy transfer in covalently linked multiporphyrin arrays: the essential contribution of energy transfer between nonadjacent chromophores

            J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 12821-12832 (2004)


120.     D. H. Douglass, V. Patel, and R. S. Knox

            Iceland as a heat island

            Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L03709, doi:10.1029/2004GL021816 (4 p.) (2005)


121.     David H. Douglass and Robert S. Knox

            Climate forcing by the volcanic eruption of Mount Pinatubo

            Geophys. Res. Lett. 32, L05710, doi:10.1029/2004GL022119 (5 p.) (2005)


122.     D. H. Douglass,  R. S. Knox, B. D. Pearson, and A. Clark, Jr.

            Thermocline flux exchange during the Pinatubo event

            Geophys. Res. Lett. 33, L19711, doi:10.1029/2006GL026355 (2006)


123.     Robert S. Knox and William W. Parson

            Entropy production and the Second Law in photosynthesis

            Biochim. et Biophys. Acta 1767, 1189-1193 (2007).


124.     Robert S. Knox and Kevin J. LaTourette

            Application of a dynamical two-box surface-atmosphere model to the Mount Pinatubo cooling event

            Posted in physics archive (unrefereed), (Dec. 2, 2008)


125.     David H. Douglass and Robert S. Knox

            Ocean heat content and EarthÕs radiation imbalance

            Phys. Lett. A 373, 3296-3300 (2009)


  126.        R. S. Knox and D. H. Douglass

                  Recent energy balance of Earth

                  Intl. J. Geosciences 1, 99-101 (2010)


  127.        R. S. Knox

                  FšrsterÕs resonance excitation transfer theory: not just a formula 

                  J. Biomed. Optics 17, 011003 (6 p) (2012)


  128.        D. H. Douglass and R. S. Knox

                  Ocean heat content and EarthÕs radiation imbalance. II. Relation to climate shifts

                  Phys. Lett. A 376, 1226-1229 (2012)


  129.        D. H. Douglass and R. S. Knox

                  Reply to Nuccitelli et al., ÒComment on Ocean heat content and EarthÕs radiation imbalance. II. Relation to climate shiftsÓ

                  Phys. Lett. A 376, 3673-3675 (2012)


  130.        D. H. Douglass and R. S. Knox

                  The sun is the climate pacemaker. I. Equatorial Pacific Ocean temperatures

                  Phys. Lett. A 379, 823-829 (2015)


  131.        D. H. Douglass and R. S. Knox

                  The sun is the climate pacemaker. II. Global ocean temperatures

                  Phys. Lett. A 379, 830-834 (2015)


  132.        David H. Douglass, Robert S. Knox, Scott Curtis, Benjamin S. Giese, and Sulagna Ray

                  Historical Phase-locked States and El Ni–o Episodes

                  Atmospheric and Climate Sciences 7, 48–64 (2017)