PHY 415: Electromagnetic Theory I
Prof. S. Teitel email@example.com ---- Fall 2010
Problem Set 8
Due Monday, December 13, in lecture
- Problem 1 [20 points]
In Lecture 26 I wrote down expressions for the electric and magnetic fields in the electric dipole approximation before one makes the radiation zone approximation. Using these results compute the instantaneous Poynting vector S(r, t).
Show that in S there exist both radial and non-radial terms. Show that there exist terms which decay faster than 1/r2.
Explain how the non-radial terms, and the terms which decay faster than 1/r2, can still be consistent with energy conservation!
- Problem 2 [30 points]
Consider a point charge q moving in a circular orbit of radius R, centered about the origin in the xy plane. The charge is orbiting counterclockwise with an angular velocity ω . Working within the electric dipole approximation:
a) Compute the radiated electric and magnetic fields, expressing your answer in terms of spherical coordinates. Make sure your answers are given as real valued functions!
b) What is the polarization of the outgoing radiation at a general spherical angle (θ,φ)? What is the polarization when θ=0? when θ=π/2?
c) What is the total radiated energy per one orbit of the charge?
Hint: The trick to doing this problem easily is to figure out how to write the oscillating dipole moment as p(t)=Re [pωe-iωt], with the correct amplitude pω.