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PHY 218: Electricity and Magnetism II
Prof. S. Teitel stte@pas.rochester.edu ---- Spring 2017

A Brief History of Electromagnetism

1770-90 Cavendish and Coulomb establish foundations of electrostatics
1820 Oersted makes connection between flowing charge and magnetism
1820s Ampere identifies currents as the source of all magnetism (even permanent magnets)
1831 Faraday (also Henry) discovers that time varying magnetic fields serve as sources for electric fields
1864 Maxwell puts it all together
1887 Hertz demonstrates existence of electromagnetic radiation

For a more extensive timeline, including optics, go here.
For more brief biographies of the key players, go here.
For more brief biographies of famous physicists, go here.
For brief biographies of famous mathemeticians (including many physicists!) go here.